Nepal, home to Mount Everest, is located in Asia, and is surrounded by India and China (BBC, 2016). This 147, 181 km 2 country is home to 28.46 million Nepalese citizens, a much denser population than Canada (EDC, n.d.).
Nepal and Canada are established trade partners, with Nepal importing $22.56 million yearly in Canadian products (EDC, n.d.). Nepal’s capital, Katmandu, is located in the Central region and is one of the main cities and point of contact for potential buyers (AgTrade Nepal Canada, n.d.). The country has 3 main geographical areas: the terai, also known as the plains, the hills, or elevated flatlands, and the mountain region (Joshi, Conroy, Witcombe, 2012). Agriculture is an important industry in Nepal, representing a third of their gross domestic product (Joshi, Conroy, Witcombe, 2012).
More than 80% of Nepal’s population relies on agriculture as their main source of income, and hence improvements in the agricultural systems can improve the socio-economic status of the country as a whole (Redding, Chetri, Lamichhane, Chay, Aldinger, Ferguson, 2012).
This export project focuses mainly on the terai agriculture, with some consideration for the low to mid hills as well. In this area of Nepal, dairy farming is one of the main type of agriculture (Hayashi, Thapa, Sharma, Sapkota, Kumagai, 2009). There is a population of approximately 1,187,000 heads of cattle and buffalo, and the milk production, as of 2014, was 1700073 m3 (Durbar, 2014). The average size of herds is 3.4 cows, mainly Jersey and Holstein crosses, and their individual daily feed intake is approximately 25 kg of green grass, 5kg of crop residues and 2.24 kg of concentrate (Sharma, Banskota, n.d.).
One of the main goals of the Nepalese government and its dairy industry is to find products and technologies to increase milk production efficiency and food safety (Paudel, 2015) (Adhikari, 2015). Such changes and improvements can have many positive repercussions on the quality of life of Nepalese communities.
Joshi, K. D., Conroy, C., & Witcombe, J. R. (2012). Agriculture , seed , and innovation in Nepal : Industry and policy issues for the future. Food Policy Research Institute, (December).